|there is really
arrived at court in 1581 - when he was twenty-nine and Elizabeth
forty-eight. She took a fancy to him and showered him with gifts (until
she learnt of his secret marriage in 1592), including the right to take
possession of land in the New World. He organized the exploration of
Virginia (named for Elizabeth - the virgin queen) but did not go there
Robert Boyle (1627-1691)
relationship of pressure and volume
A lot of people have become famous in the field of science.
One of them is Robert Boyle. He was born in 1627 and became
the founder of contemporary chemistry. Boyle is remember for
his law. This physical law explains the way volume and
pressure of gas is associated. Serving as the instrument to
the establishment of the Royal Society, his British
association allowed him to remain devoted to the progression
of science. Boyle is also known as being a pioneer in the
application of experiments as well as the methodical
technique to test his hypothesis.
Born and raised in Ireland at Lismore Castle, Robert’s
father was Richard Boyle the 1st Earl of Cork. He learned to
speak Latin and French as a kid before continuing on to Eton
College in England when he was only 8 years old.
Robert Boyle was a physicist, natural philosopher, chemist
and an inventor. Additionally, he became popular for the
theological writings. Despite his study that was clearly
entrenched in alchemical traditions, Boyle is now honored as
the 1st contemporary chemist and as among the pioneers and
founders of the recent chemistry and scientific techniques
Boyle was known for his work resulting in Boyle’s law. This
is summarized as PV=K wherein the letter “P” means pressure,
“V” is volume and “K” is constant. In other words, this
particular law defines the professed inversely relative
relationship that exists between the unconditional volume &
pressure of the gas below conditions wherein the temperature
within the enclosed system is maintained constant.
Other Achievements in Physics
Despite his other works associated in physics, Boyle was
certainly a chemist. His other works include his detection
of the task played by air inside the transmission of the
sound as well as his analysis into refractive energy,
crystals, specific gravity, electricity and hydrostatics.
He was particularly interested in how gases behave under
pressure and his name lives on in Boyle’s law, which states
that the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its
volume at a constant temperature.
Many of his experiments on
compressed air used a specially built air pump. In this
field he also demonstrated, among other things, that sound
does not travel in a vacuum, that flame requires air, and
the elastic properties of air.
A Royal Society meeting; Boyle was one of the founder
members of the society
Such work was not the only thing that occupied his
relentlessly inquisitive mind. He also researched why meat
becomes luminous as it ages, the effect of a vacuum upon
insects, an unsinkable ship, mind-altering drugs and the
measurement of longitude. In this his outlook was entirely
in keeping with the spirit of the age, which saw an
extraordinary advancement of scientific thought. Boyle,
Christopher Wren, Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton were all
born within sixteen years of each other, but as early as
1646, Boyle was writing from Stalbridge about ‘our new
philosophical college’, which he also called ‘the Invisible
College’, and which met in London from 1645 on.
It was this
group which in 1660 was granted by Charles II the title of
the Royal Society, today the most significant and respected
scientific society in Britain, if not the world.